Bo Da Pagoda (Chùa Bổ Đà)
“South is Huong Tich, North is Bo Đa”
The People’s Committee of Bac Giang received the certificate recognizing Bo Da pagoda in Viet Yen district as a Special National Relic on March 12.
Bo Da, also known as Bo or “Quan Am at mount Bo Da” is one of the most unique pagoda in Tien Son commune, Viet Yen district, Bac Giang province and a major Buddhist center of the Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen.
Lying north of the foot of Phuong Hoang (Phoenix) mountain and on the left bank of the Cau river, Bo Da pagoda houses a repository of more than 2,000 Buddhist woodblocks that are considered invaluable.
At there, three religions of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism coexists in harmony. The pagoda’s unique architecture is different from other traditional pagodas in the North of Vietnam.
The compound of Bo De pagoda was built in the 11th century by the Ly Dynasty that includes an ancient pagoda Bo Da, Tu An pagoda, Tam Duc hermitage, Cao pagoda, Thap garden and Mieu pond. In addition, there is a temple of General Thach Tuong; who fought foreign invaders during the reign of the 16th Hung King. Seven centuries of war devastated the pagoda. During the reign of King Le Du Tong (1705-1729) who took the dynastic title of Bao Thai, the pagoda was reconstructed with its shape intact today.
Its architectural complex consists of nearly 100 ancient compartments, which all open into one another, and features a distinct layout that resembles the word “state” (國-“quốc”) in Chinese. Therefore, although the complex appears to be closed from the outside, once getting to the inner area of the pagoda, visitors probably get lost within a maze of corridors and shrine rooms.
The pagoda has still preserved the oldest Buddhist Vietnam prayer book that carved on wood. Pagoda also keeps a very interesting devise of Nguyen Hong famous writer that was a handwritten copy of the rules in the pagoda